A Commentary on the Satires of Juvenal - download pdf or read online
By Edward Courtney
Edward Courtney's research of the Satires of Juvenal is the single full-scale statement at the corpus because the 19th century and keeps its price for college students and students a iteration after its first visual appeal in 1980. This remark contains the findings of classical learn as much as that point, together with the paintings of A. E. Housman, new discoveries similar to these of papyri, and the increasing horizons of classical learn. Courtney elucidates the shape of every poem and the development of inspiration, and gives many feedback for the adjustment of conventional punctuation. as well as uncomplicated clarification of the textual content, the statement bargains a close knowing of the literary and historic context, together with thorough therapy of social customs, realia, improvement of the Latin language, and rhetorical positive aspects. The advent discusses Juvenal's lifestyles, his improvement as a satirist, his view of society and morals, his kind, and his dealing with of metre.
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Additional resources for A Commentary on the Satires of Juvenal
Status in Roman society was based on wealth and census, and Juvenal sees society arranged in a hierarchy in which each rank has rights and duties; a slave has a right to expect warm clothing from his owner (note the prefix in reddere 93, implying the giving of what is due), a poor client has a right to expect his patron to invite him to a meal, a rich man has a duty neither to be mean nor to indulge in that ‘conspicuous consumption’ which the Romans called luxuria, a freedman or a foreigner has a duty not to push himself ahead of his social betters (‘social mobility’ is not a concept which Juvenal would have regarded with much favour), the magistrates of the Roman people have a duty not to demean their office (cf.
87, 149), which he proposes to attack; the word of | course fundamentally means ‘flaws’ rather than ‘vices’, and it will be seen that, consistently with this, in Juvenal it conveys not so much a moral judgment as the notion of variation from a norm. What specific features, in his view, mark out behaviour as vitiosum? 87 and 149 will be vitia. The central theme of this passage is the deification of money, which has two converse aspects, meanness and extravagance. Why are these wrong? In some cases at least because they produce callousness in our relations to other people (93, 121–2, 132–4).
So what indicated superstition among the Egyptians is in the very same poem adduced as a proof of the sanctity of Pythagoras. Juvenal is not concerned to evaluate such abstinence; it is simply a topic which can be turned to whatever use is momentarily convenient. 96). The rhetorician can ‘prove’ whatever he likes by framing his argument and taking examples (cf. p. 31) to suit the theme of the moment. No doubt in utramque partem disputare is good training in the rhetorical school, but we are entitled to demand that a denunciatory satirist should show moral consistency and not τὸν ἥττω λόγον κρείττω ποιεῖν.
A Commentary on the Satires of Juvenal by Edward Courtney