New PDF release: A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginning to


By Karsten Friis Johansen

ISBN-10: 0415127386

ISBN-13: 9780415127387

Translated by way of Henrik Rosenmeier, A background of historical Philosophy charts the origins and improvement of historical philosophical proposal. for simple reference, the e-book is split chronologically into six major components. The sections are extra divided into philosophers and philosophical movements:
*Pre-Socratic Philosophy, together with mythology, the Pythagoreans and Parmenides
*The nice Century of Athens, together with the Sophists and Socrates
*Plato, together with The Republic, The Symposium and The Timaeus
*Aristotle, together with The Physics, The Metaphysics and The Poetics
*Hellenistic Philosophy, together with the Sceptics, the Stoics, the Epicureans and Cicero
*Late Antiquity, together with Neoplatonism, Origen and St Augustine.
This complete and meticulously documented publication is dependent to make old philosophical notion and historical thinkers obtainable. It contains:
*full references to fundamental sources
*detailed interpretations of key philosophical passages, together with surveys of prior philosophical readings
*an assessment of the improvement of old philosophical thought
*discussions of the relationships among philosophers and their ideas
*analyses of key philosophical strategies and ideologies together with ontology, epistemology, good judgment, semantics, ethical and political philosophy, theology and aesthetics
*explanations of Greek philosophical terminology.

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Extra info for A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginning to Augustine

Example text

But the dispute about whether the first philosophers were champions of reason or shamans and prophets is to little purpose, unless one distinguishes between the questions asked by the Presocratics and the answers they provided. The real problem is whether Thales had a different frame of reference than Hesiod’s and whether he thought in a different way. If it is correct to maintain that the Greek philosophers of the sixth and fifth century began to think in a novel way, this implies an important thing: that the early phase of Greek thought is the only period in the history of Western culture during which philosophy was free of tradition and special terminology.

His fellow citizens, the Ephesians, had best hang each other man for man, for they had evicted Hermodorus, the best of their men. Their motto was: nobody among us shall be better than anyone else (Heracl. DK B121). Elsewhere (49), Heraclitus says: ‘One counts for me as 10,000, if he is the best’, and he resigned an hereditary religious office in protest. His thought of the crowd as a tyrant anticipates Plato’s. But like Plato, Heraclitus did not get stuck in ordinary conservative protest. Instead he found a truer world behind that which the crowd in its ignorance takes for reality.

833 Nauck). Life is a punishment for misdeeds in a former existence, but man has a hope of happiness in the beyond. By spiritual and bodily purification the soul may posthumously achieve salvation and be united with the godhead. In an Orphic text from the fourth century we are told about him who has escaped the circuitous transmigration of the soul: ‘Happy and blessed. You shall become a God instead of a mortal’ (Orph. frg. 32 C Kern). From a philosophical point of view, it is the Orphic understanding of the soul and its life after death that is of special interest.

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A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginning to Augustine by Karsten Friis Johansen

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