Read e-book online Abortion in the Early Middle Ages, c.500-900 PDF
By Zubin Mistry
Whilst a Spanish monk struggled to discover the correct phrases to exhibit his unjust expulsion from a monastery in a determined petition to a sixth-century king, he likened himself to an aborted fetus. Centuries later, a ninth-century queen came across herself accused of abortion in an altogether extra fleshly feel. Abortion haunts the written list around the early center a long time. but, the centuries after the autumn of Rome stay a great deal the "dark a while" within the broader background of abortion.
This e-book, the 1st to regard the topic during this interval, tells the tale of ways members and groups, ecclesiastical and secular specialists, construed abortion as a social and ethical challenge throughout a few post-Roman societies, together with Visigothic Spain, Merovingian Gaul, early eire, Anglo-Saxon England and the Carolingian empire. It argues early medieval authors and readers actively deliberated on abortion and a cluster of similar questions, and that church culture on abortion used to be an evolving perform. It sheds mild at the missed number of responses to abortion generated by means of varied social and highbrow practices, together with church self-discipline, dispute payment and techniques of political legitimation, and brings the heritage of abortion into dialog with key questions on gender, sexuality, Christianization, penance and legislations. Ranging throughout abortion miracles in hagiography, polemical letters during which churchmen likened competitors to fetuses flung from the womb of the church and uncomfortable imaginings of resurrected fetuses in theological hypothesis, this quantity additionally illuminates the complicated cultural value of abortion in early medieval societies.
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Additional resources for Abortion in the Early Middle Ages, c.500-900
40 On versions of the Hippocratic Oath (including prohibitions on abortion) in early medieval medical manuscripts, see L. 1 (1952), 1–31; C. R. 4 (1996), 438–55; M. Elsakkers, ‘Late Antique and Early Medieval Remnants of the Hippocratic Oath: Early General Prohibitions of Abortion’, in RBL, pp. 273–80. 41 Plenty of Roman historians, philosophers and litterateurs construed abortion as problematic. Tacitus (d. 45 Musonius’s emphasis on procreation as a sine qua non in marital sex and his noticeable refusal to uphold sexual double standards certainly anticipated some Christian construals of marital morality.
S. Sconnochia, Scribonii Largi Compositiones (Leipzig, 1983), pp. 2–3. Scribonius included instructions for an emmenagogue and for therapeutic after-care following childbirth or abortion (presumably in the sense of miscarriage), Compositiones 106, 126, pp. 57–8, 63–4. 27 Nutton, Ancient Medicine, pp. 172–4. 28 Soranus explicitly referred to the Hippocratic text, On the Nature of the Child, in which a slave-girl was advised to jump up and down vigorously to induce abortion; cf. A. E. Hanson, ‘Continuity and Change: Three Case Studies in Hippocratic Gynecological Therapy and Theory’, in Ancient History and Women’s History, ed.
Krueger, trans. A. Watson, The Digest of Justinian, 4 vols. (Philadelphia, 1985), IV, p. 784 (all translations are my own, though I have consulted Watson’s translation). 32; Latin text quoted from Nardi, Aborto, pp. 216–17; cf. Kapparis, Abortion, pp. 193–4. 39 (= Tryphoninus, Disputationes 10), IV, p. 854. 8, IV, p. 820. 1–15, II, pp. 740–2: a man accused his ex-wife of being pregnant, which she denied. indd 26 19/06/2015 14:12 Classical and Late Antique Society The second legal approach focussed on the use and abuse of drugs, venenae, a term which could also mean poisons.
Abortion in the Early Middle Ages, c.500-900 by Zubin Mistry