Download e-book for iPad: Adverbial Clauses in Scots: A Semantic-Syntactic Study by Martina Häcker
By Martina Häcker
This research offers a accomplished syntactic and semantic research of a geographically balanced corpus of written and spoken texts, in modern Scots (including the author's personal box recordings), amply illustrated with examples, hence creating a significant contribution to the sphere of English dialect grammar.
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Extra info for Adverbial Clauses in Scots: A Semantic-Syntactic Study
How could YOU be so spiteful and SHE so stupid? There are also structural differences between this and-clause and a co-ordinate a«i/-clause: (i) the lack of correspondence of the verb phrase to that of the first clause and (ii) the use of the common case for the subject of the second clause. As the first clause in the example is an independent clause and co-ordination of clauses can only occur on the same level in constituent structure, the second clause would have to be interpreted as elliptical, if we were to assume that the clauses are co-ordinate.
Thus Hopper and Traugott (1993: 173) raise the question whether intonation contours may not function exactly like overt grammatical markers, citing an example of a sentence that is only marked by intonation as conditional and is incoherent if the intonation is changed. Bolinger (1984) demonstrates that conditional clauses and reason clauses have specific intonation contours and Chafe (1984) shows the roles that both pauses and intonation play in marking an adverbial 2. Adverbial clauses: Definitions and classifications 27 clause.
Adverbial clauses: Definitions and classifications 33 (24) He stoppit there tae catch his breath ... ' (25) ... an lay häuf a dizzen fish oot on the front green for aa the neebours tae see. (DWD 75) '... 6. Til-infinitive clauses /"//-infinitive clauses are the Caithness equivalent of to-infinitive clauses. They may be zero-introduced or introduced by for. There is no example of a ///clause with an overt subject. All the examples of ///-clauses occurring in the corpus are clauses of purpose. This may, however, be a coincidence, as /// is generally used for to in all its functions: (26) Her mither gied intil the byre til get the stoolie for til tak it til the park far the coo wis tethered (HAM 110) 'Her mother went into the byre to get the stool to take it to the field where the cow was tethered.
Adverbial Clauses in Scots: A Semantic-Syntactic Study by Martina Häcker