After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John - download pdf or read online
By Jerry Green
The Wounded Knee bloodbath of December 29, 1890, recognized to U.S. army historians because the final conflict in "the Indian Wars," used to be in fact one other tragic occasion in a bigger trend of conquest, destruction, killing, and damaged supplies that proceed to this day.
On a chilly winter's morning greater than a century in the past, the U.S. 7th Cavalry attacked and killed greater than 260 Lakota males, ladies, and kids at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. within the aftermath, the damaged, twisted our bodies of the Lakota humans have been quickly lined through a blanket of snow, as a snowstorm swept during the nation-state. a couple of days later, veteran military medical professional John Vance Lauderdale arrived for accountability on the within reach Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. surprised via what he encountered, he wrote a number of letters to his closest relations detailing the occasions, aftermath, and lifestyle at the Reservation below army profession. He additionally handled the wounded, either Cavalry infantrymen and Lakota civilians. What distinguishes After Wounded Knee from the big physique of literature already to be had at the bloodbath is Lauderdale's frank value determinations of army existence and a private remark of the tragedy, untainted by way of self-serving memory or adorned newspaper and political experiences. His feel of frustration and outrage towards the army command, specially in regards to the strategies used opposed to the Lakota, is vividly obvious during this intimate view of Lauderdale's lifestyles. His correspondence presents new perception right into a commonplace topic and used to be written on the peak of the cultural fight among the U.S. and Lakota humans. Jerry Green's cautious enhancing of this mammoth assortment, a part of the loo Vance Lauderdale Papers within the Western Americana assortment in Yale University's Beinecke Library, clarifies Lauderdale's stories on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
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Additional info for After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John Vance Lauderdale while Serving with the Army Occupying the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 1890-1891
No rain just now 07 miles from Chicago. Niles Mich. A band of music at the station to greet us. I shall not be able to give you any information of the Sioux War till I get farther West. L. M. Just entered Chicago all OK. J. No. Fork of Elkhorn, Neb. Fri. Jan. m. Dear Joe, The train is waiting 25 min. for dinner. I have been taking a cup of coffee as I had a good breakfast and do not care to take too much food, as my appetite is never very good on the cars. Have been riding thro a fine corn and grass region with small villages here and there.
The traditionalists consistently opposed any further concessions to the government. The Interior Department recognized that lack of food was one of the causes of dissatisfaction among the Lakota. "33 Secretary Noble's response came only after he received complaints from army officials occupying the reservation concerning the lack of adequate food and the general condition of the Lakotas. 34 Another source of discontent among the Lakota was the annuity goods due them under the treaty, which were issued late if at all.
Officers' tents, Seventh Battalion. Enlisted men's tents, Seventh Battalion. Bivouac of the Second Battalion on the night of 28 December 1890. Four Hotchkiss guns and detachment of the First Artillery under Captain Capron, and Second Lieutenant. Hawthorne Second Artillery. Indian village. Indian ponies. Dismounted line of sentinels. Captains Ilsely and Moylan. Lieutenants Garlington and Watennan. Captains Godfrey and Second Lieutenant Tompkins. Captain Jackson and Lieutenant Donaldson. Lieutenant Taylor, Ninth Cavalry, commanding Indian scouts.
After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John Vance Lauderdale while Serving with the Army Occupying the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 1890-1891 by Jerry Green