Download PDF by Anousha Sedighi: Agreement Restrictions in Persian
By Anousha Sedighi
Contract regulations in Persian is the 1st finished try to take on the difficulty of verbal contract in Persian from a cross-linguistic viewpoint. Persian is a box of study inside of theoretical linguistics that's but to be sufficiently explored. This e-book adopts Chomsky's Minimalist software that's on the vanguard of contemporary theories of formal syntax, and applies it to the Persian language. even though it is often believed that during Persian the verb consents with the topic, a number of structures appear to constrain this compulsory rule. Adopting the framework of disbursed Morphology, the writer argues that contract is actually acquired with the plural inanimate topics yet a morphological rule might block the outcome. not like the former analyses which give some thought to the experiencer because the topic of the mental buildings, the writer argues that the mental kingdom is the topic of the sentence. The findings of this publication not just give a contribution to higher knowing of Persian syntax, but additionally have very important implications for grammar idea.
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Extra info for Agreement Restrictions in Persian
Hun vonast til [ad PRO sja myndina] Control She hopes for to PRO see picture She hopes to see the picture f. Nom looked and (sh~om) saw picture She looked and saw the picture Is Stepanov (2003) shows tbat the control and canju:w:tion-reduction tests are not true indicators of quirky subjects and camwt be used to differentiate between Icelandic and German collllterparts. 23 Chapter] (45) Quirky subjects a. Henni; ledist bokin sin; Her Dat bores book self's She fmds her own book boring b. Hefurhenni leidst bokin?
He relates the Icelandic restriction to the Person-Cme Constraint of Bonet (1994) and considers it a morphological constraint. 17 Bonet introduces the Person-Case Constraint (PCC), which states that human language disallows the presence of the 111 or 2nd person agreement with a direct object when there is also a dative agreement. 18 (63) The Person-Case Constraint If Dative (agreement)- Accusative (agreement)= 3 rd (Bonet, 1994:36) Boeckx does not provide an inclusive analysis of the Icelandic restriction but suggests that agreement occurs with the quirky subjects but the result is 'null' and the agreement is not morphologically realized for economy reasons and it only forces the 3rd person agreement.
26 Accordingly, Karimi (2005) suggests the following for the Persian Nominative Case and subject-verb agreement. (98) Nom Case and Subject -verb Agreement vP ............... DP v' ............... PredP vAgreement 1 t (Karimi 2005: 106) Coming back to the main issue of this section, with respect to the behavior of inanimate subjects, she argues that these elements only optionally agree with the verb in nwnber and provides the examples in (99). (99) a. ketab-M ru miz elan book-pi on table 3sg/3pl (is/are) The books are on the table b.
Agreement Restrictions in Persian by Anousha Sedighi