New PDF release: American English: Dialects and Variation

Language Grammar

By Walt Wolfram, Natalie Schilling

ISBN-10: 1118390229

ISBN-13: 9781118390221

The new version of this vintage textual content chronicles fresh step forward advancements within the box of yank English, protecting neighborhood, ethnic, and gender-based differences.

  • Now observed by means of a better half site with an in depth array of sound records, videos, and different on-line fabrics to reinforce and illustrate discussions within the text
  • Features fresh chapters that conceal the very most recent issues, similar to degrees of Dialect, nearby types of English, Gender and Language edition, the appliance of Dialect examine, and Dialect information: Extending software, in addition to new routines with on-line answers
  • Updated to include dialect samples from a much wider array people regions
  • Written for college kids taking classes in dialect reports, variationist sociolinguistics, and linguistic anthropology, and calls for no pre-knowledge of linguistics 
  • Includes a thesaurus and wide appendix of the pronunciation, grammatical, and lexical good points of yank English dialects

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Extra info for American English: Dialects and Variation

Example text

I shall do it versus I will do it) are prescriptive rules that are not typically followed by the vast majority of English speakers, but they remain part of a prescribed, Dialects, Standards, and Vernaculars 15 standard norm. In many cases, these rules refer to older written texts, a kind of “Classical Written English” that is somewhat parallel to the status of classical Latin in its focus on long‐established written form. More generally, prescriptivism “is the view that one variety of language has an inherently higher value than others, and that it ought to be imposed on the whole of the speech community” (Crystal 1997: 2).

In the final analysis, the social unacceptability of vernacular varieties is not about language per se, but about the valuation of the people who speak vernacular dialects. 7 Labeling Vernacular Dialects Although the choice of a label for a particular vernacular language variety may seem relatively unimportant, it can become a very important consideration when the broader social, political, and cultural considerations associated with naming are taken into account. For example, in the past half‐century, the vernacular dialect associated with African Americans has had the following labels, given here in approximate chronological sequence: Negro Dialect, Substandard Negro English, Nonstandard Negro English, Black English, Afro‐American English, Ebonics, Vernacular Black English, African American (Vernacular) English, and African American Language.

African American migratory patterns, for example, have been primarily south to north, emanating from different points in the rural South. African American speakers from South Carolina and North Carolina migrated northward along a coastal route into Washington, DC, Philadelphia, and New York. The migratory route of inland African Americans from the Deep South, on the other hand, led into Midwestern areas such as St Louis, Chicago, and Detroit. The vernacular dialects of eastern coastal cities such as Washington, DC, versus those of Midwestern cities such as Chicago still reflect some differences attributable to these ­different paths of migration, cutting across the east–west routes that typified European American migration.

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American English: Dialects and Variation by Walt Wolfram, Natalie Schilling

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