Download PDF by Christina Pratt: An Encyclopedia of Shamanism: N-Z
By Christina Pratt
Shamanism should be outlined because the perform of initiated shamans who're exceptional by way of their mastery of various altered states of cognizance. Shamanism arises from the activities the shaman takes in non-ordinary truth and the result of these activities in traditional fact. it isn't a faith, but it calls for religious self-discipline and private sacrifice from the mature shaman who seeks the top phases of mystical improvement.
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Extra resources for An Encyclopedia of Shamanism: N-Z
Phlegm In many South American cultures the shaman’s magical power is accumulated in an abstract, invisible substance contained in phlegm. Among various peoples of the upper Amazon, for example, one aspect of the shaman’s power is stored as yachay, a thick white phlegm in the upper part of the stomach. The shaman accesses the powers stored in the phlegm by regurgitating it. ), spirit helpers, which aid the shaman in healing, and tsentsak (magical darts). Once in the mouth of the shaman the tsentsak can be blown into people either to aid in extracting illness or to lodge itself and generate illness.
With feather wand and sacred water the mara’akame purifies everyone, touching peyote to their cheeks, throat, and wrists. Then the pilgrims remove the white tufts, leave them as offerings, peel the tough skin, and eat from the first peyote of the hunt. In the villages, the traditional peyote ritual is primarily a dance ritual that appears to have changed little over the centuries. Although the importance of peyote as an entheogen varies among the peoples who use it, the dancing does not vary in importance to the traditional ritual.
Nonetheless, shamans have absorbed, assimilated, and reinterpreted new belief systems again and again all over the globe. They have adapted primarily to be tolerated by the locally dominant government and/or religion. Adaptation often meant barely saving their wisdom, their teachings, and their lives. Adaptation has allowed contemporary shamans to remain effective as healers even after their cultures have changed. Shamans adapt to gain the trust of new clients where the old ways have been discredited and dismissed as superstition.
An Encyclopedia of Shamanism: N-Z by Christina Pratt