Analysing Sentences - download pdf or read online

Language Grammar

By Noel Burton-Roberts

ISBN-10: 1408233746

ISBN-13: 9781408233740

This hugely profitable textual content has lengthy been thought of a regular advent to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. As in prior variants, key options reminiscent of constituency, class and serve as are conscientiously defined as they're brought. Tree diagrams are used all through to aid the reader visualise the hierarchical constitution of sentences. the ultimate bankruptcy units the research within the context of generative grammar.

In this 3rd edition, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised. It has an enticing new format, extra examples, clearer factors and summaries of significant issues. an enormous switch matters the research of auxiliary verbs, which has been revised to carry it extra in accordance with present considering.

Clear improvement from bankruptcy to bankruptcy, including the author’s available variety, make this ebook appropriate for readers without past adventure of sentence research. a pragmatic and reader-friendly textual content, it contains many in-text workouts and end-of-chapter routines, all with solutions, and extra workouts, making it appropriate for self-directed learn in addition to for taught classes.

Noel Burton-Roberts is Professor of English Language and Linguistics at Newcastle University.  he's the writer of The Limits to discuss: a Revised thought of Semantic Presupposition (CUP 1989), the editor of Phonological wisdom: Conceptual and Empirical Issues (OUP 2000) and Pragmatics (Palgrave, 2007), and the writer of various articles on quite a few elements of linguistics and the English language.


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Extra resources for Analysing Sentences

Sample text

The words a and stream are part of PHRASE-b. If an element (word or phrase) is part of a phrase, it can only relate to other elements within that same phrase. If we wanted to say that beside a stream formed a phrase in [33], we would be forced to represent the complete phrase beside a stream that had dried up as in [35]: 16 ‘PHRASE’ AND ‘CONSTITUENT’ [35] But [35] is wrong: it fails to represent a stream that had dried up as a phrase. The moral is that an element can belong directly only to one phrase at a time.

40 EXERCISES (f) [The fact that you received no greetings from Mars] [doesn’t mean that it is uninhabited]. (g) This is an example where the subject does not begin the sentence. That evening is not part of the subject. So: [Laura] [learned the Health and Safety Regulations by heart]. 2. The following are the only well-formed subject~predicate combinations: (d) + (b); (d) + (g); (e) + (b); (e) + (g). Since they can function as subjects, (d) and (e) are the NPs; (b) and (g), functioning as predicates, are the VPs.

It is the relationship of sister that concerns us here. sister constituents are represented at the same level of structure in phrase markers. Constituents have their functions in respect of their sister constituents. Thus, in each of the sentences considered so far, the subject NP and the predicate VP are sisters and 31 CHAPTER 2 SENTENCE STRUCTURE: FUNCTIONS as such are represented at the same level of structure. g. g. are paddling away). And the VP has its predicate function in respect of the subject NP.

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Analysing Sentences by Noel Burton-Roberts

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